Ketamine is traditionally drug used in both human and veterinary medicine as an anesthetic. It has hallucinogenic qualities making it a desirable drug to be abused, earning its name Special K. The ketamine found on the street is typically stolen from veterinary practices and medical hospitals. Ketamine can be extremely psychologically addictive, users often develop a tolerance and dependence to the drug.
Ketamine is classified as an NMDA receptor antagonist. It binds to opioid receptors, interacting with muscarinic receptors, descending monoaminergic pain pathways and voltage-gated calcium channels. When used medically in large doses it has pain relieving and sedative effects but when used for recreational purposes, in lower dose, it acts as an hallucinogen. Ketamine is typically dried out from its injectable form into a powder by allowing the liquid to evaporate. Most prefer to snort the drug in its powder form rather than injecting the drug in attempts of preventing blood born diseases associated with injecting the drug. The user feel the effects of ketamine within a few seconds after injecting the drug lasting approximately 1 hour. It can take 5 to 15 minutes for the user to feel the effects after snorting the drug lasting approximately 2 hours. Ketamine produces a sense of euphoria and a dissociative state, characterised by a sense of detachment from one’s physical body and the external world. Users will experience a pleasant mental and/or body high; Sense of calm and serenity; Spiritual experiences; Enhanced sense of connection with the world; Distortion or loss of sensory perceptions; Open- and closed-eye visuals; and a dissociation of mind from body. These effects are what make Ketamine so psychologically addictive.
In high doses the effects of ketamine can mimic the phenomenology of schizophrenia, putting the user in a state of dissociation, this is known as the K-Hole. The user may feel as if they are entering into different worlds or dimensions, they become unaware of the actually world and identity. Many experience visual hallucinations, they may have perceptions of falling. Some even have fast and gradual movement and flying known as “seeing God.” They will feel deeply connected to other users, objects and the cosmos as well as shared hallucinations and thoughts with adjacent users. Some may even experience psychotic reactions putting themselves and others in danger.
- Increase in heart rate
- Slurred speech
- Confusion, disorientation
- Cardiovascular effects, including hypertension and tachycardia
- Respiratory depression
- Analgesia, numbness
- Cognitive impairments – memory problems
- physically incapacitating – paralyze
Regular use of ketamine often results in a tolerance to the drug, requiring more to achieve the desired effects. Rather than creating a physical addiction, Ketamine is a drug that creates a psychological dependency. The he psychological addiction can lead to binge behavior, where the user keeps ingesting the drug to continue in the experience longer. When the user stop taking the drug for a period of time they will begin to experience withdrawal symptoms.
- poor attention span
Ketamine Addiction Treatment
When you are ready to admit you have a problem then contact an Ketamine Addiction Treatment facility to start your recovery. You will go through detox to cleanse your body of any chemicals and toxins related to chronic drug use. Behavioral modification therapy will help you get to the cause of your addiction and teach you have to live a life of sobriety. It is time escape the hallucinogenic effects of Ketamine and get back to reality. With the help of an Ketamine Addiction Treatment center you can regain control of your life.